Author: Harrison Fluss

Enlightenment Betrayed

The historian Jonathan Israel’s criticisms of Marx are not new. They have a long history in liberal Cold War anticommunism.

The Jacobin Enlightenment

Jacobinism was not a betrayal of the Radical Enlightenment and the French Revolution. It was a historically necessary effort to defend both.

Hegel, Enlightenment, and Revolution

Hegel’s dialectical analysis of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution provides the groundwork for Marx’s theory of historical materialism.

Spinoza’s Radical Enlightenment

The Radical Enlightenment starts with Baruch Spinoza’s materialist philosophy. There is a direct line from Spinoza to Marx and Engels via the French Revolution.

First as Farce, then as Tragedy

Joker is not just a supervillain origin story. It is also an anticipation of fascism. (Note: This article contains spoilers).

Enlightenment Betrayed

The historian Jonathan Israel’s criticisms of Marx are not new. They have a long history in liberal Cold War anticommunism.

The Jacobin Enlightenment

Jacobinism was not a betrayal of the Radical Enlightenment and the French Revolution. It was a historically necessary effort to defend both.

Hegel, Enlightenment, and Revolution

Hegel’s dialectical analysis of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution provides the groundwork for Marx’s theory of historical materialism.

Spinoza’s Radical Enlightenment

The Radical Enlightenment starts with Baruch Spinoza’s materialist philosophy. There is a direct line from Spinoza to Marx and Engels via the French Revolution.

First as Farce, then as Tragedy

Joker is not just a supervillain origin story. It is also an anticipation of fascism. (Note: This article contains spoilers).