Facebook Instagram Twitter YouTube

General Strike in Catalunya Against Long Prison Sentences for Independence Leaders

Earlier in the week, the Spanish Supreme Court sentenced leaders of the Catalan independence movement to unusually harsh prison sentences of up to 13 years. Hundreds of thousands of people have mobilized on the streets, shutting down freeways and the Barcelona airport and clashing with the police. They are now preparing for massive demonstrations and general strike that will paralyze Catalunya this Friday.

Sou Mi

October 17, 2019
Facebook Twitter Share
AP Photo/Bernat Armangue

Two years after the 2017 referendum that was declared illegal by the Spanish state, the struggle for the independence of Catalunya continues to grow. A new wave of protests began after the Supreme Court on Monday sentenced leaders of the independence movement to long prison sentences for sedition and misuse of funds.

The toughest of these sentences went to Oriol Junqueras, the former deputy leader of Catalunya, who has been condemned to 13 years in prison. Others received sentences that ranged between nine and twelve years. The Spanish judge also reissued a European arrest warrant for Carles Puigdemont, the former leader of Catalunya, who has been living in exile in Belgium to avoid prosecution in Spain.

Catalunya Erupts

Last weekend, Spanish authorities had deployed riot police across Catalunya in anticipation of the court’s ruling. Immediately after the verdict was announced, demonstrators took to the streets and blocked major highways and train lines. Thousands more marched to and occupied Barcelona’s El Prat airport, forcing over 100 flights to be canceled.

You might like: Support the Rebellion of the Catalan People and Their Right to Self-Determination (Statement from October 11, 2017)

While the protests at the airport started as a peaceful occupation, they quickly became combative after police in riot gear charged at those blocking the entrance and fired foam bullets. This altercation left over 100 people injured. Cashes between protestors and police escalated soon after and continued through Tuesday and Wednesday, as demonstrations turned into running battles through Barcelona.

LLUIS GENE / AFP

Over the last three days, it is estimated that hundreds of thousands of people have taken to the streets in Barcelona, Girona, and other Catalan cities. Protestors erected barricades and set cars on fire to lay claim to the streets. In return, riot police fired tear gas and ran over protestors with their armored vans in order to disperse the crowds. Activists have suffered serious injuries, including one protestor who is reported to have lost an eye. For every crowd they dispersed, however, more popped up across the region. The youth, who have thronged the streets, haven’t been afraid to occupy space. Over 25,000 students gathered outside city hall on Thursday, egging and throwing toilet paper at the police officers trying to contain them.

Furthermore, in what is anticipated to be the biggest mobilization yet, thousands of people are marching to Barcelona to join students and trade unions in a mass demonstration and general strike on Friday.

Sánchez Supports the Repression

On Wednesday evening, in the face of calls from the right-wing opposition to repress the movement, Spain’s prime minister, the social democrat Pedro Sánchez, warned that his government will not be provoked to overreacting. Although others in government have called for the activation of Article 155, which allows the Spanish state to suspend the regional government and assume direct rule, Sánchez, in a bid to appear as an electable candidate in November’s general election, wants to broker a solution with “firmness, calmness, and unity.”

But for Sánchez, who is opposed to Catalan self-determination, there are limits to this solution.  He has defended the court’s ruling and called upon the need for them to serve their prison sentences. He also praised the Spanish police and Mossos d’Esquadra, Catalunya’s autonomous police, for their actions in controlling the demonstrations, and will deploy additional security forces in the region over the weekend to curb the rising conflict.

For Sánchez, the question of independence has to be resolved by legal means. The Spanish constitution of 1978, however, explicitly prohibits national self-determination, which makes the holding of a democratic referendum an act of “sedition”. For moments like this that pierce through the facade of false peace, the only way to eke out an acceptable solution is through violent repression.

Self-determination for Catalans!

Friday’s general strike is expected to be one of the biggest mobilizations for Catalan independence in recent times. 21,000 people from the towns of Vic, Girona, Tàrrega, Tarragona. and Berga set off on Wednesday to march over 60 miles to Barcelona to participate in the strike. Students in Barcelona, who’ve been on strike since Wednesday, will also be joined by trade unions who called for a general strike. The CSC-Intersindical and Intersindical Alternativa de Catalunya, two alternative trade union federations, postponed their October 11 work stoppage for better wages and working conditions to coincide with the pro-independence demonstrations on Friday. Although labor unions are barred from striking for political reasons in Spain, in a striking show of solidarity, the unions have expressed that democratic rights for oppressed nations are labor rights.

Emilio Morenatti/AP

As Catalans continue to face off against the Spanish state, it is imperative to speak out for their right to self-determination. As our comrades in the Revolutionary Workers Current (CRT) put it, the state paints protestors as “violent” in order to justify their violent repression in Catalunya, which has already left over 200 people injured. The general strike of October 18 provides the chance to strategically advance this struggle.

In order to sustain and strengthen this fight, and to decide democratically about the best way to attain self-determination, it is essential that the independence movement (and especially its anticapitalist wing) works to establish assemblies in schools and universities, workplaces, and neighborhoods. Developing these methods of self-organization and putting the youth and the working class at the center of this democratic fight are fundamental elements that are being brought up in the streets. Real self-determination will only be possible if the independence movement adapts a program that responds to the pressing demands of working people across Catalunya and the Spanish state, including an end to precarious employment and austerity measures.

Facebook Twitter Share

Sou Mi

Sou Mi is an activist based in New York City.

Europe

Thousands of Police Deployed to Shut Down Congress on Palestine in Berlin

This weekend, a Palestine Congress was supposed to take place in the German capital. But 2,500 police were mobilized and shut down the event before the first speech could be held. Multiple Jewish comrades were arrested.

Nathaniel Flakin

April 12, 2024

Fired by a German University for Solidarity with Palestine — Interview with Nancy Fraser

The University of Cologne canceled a guest professorship with the philosophy professor from The New School. In this interview, she speaks about Germany dividing between "Good Jews" and "Bad Jews," her politicization in the civil rights movement, and her time in an Israeli kibbutz.

Nathaniel Flakin

April 10, 2024

Pro-Palestine Activists in France Get Summons from Anti-Terrorist Police

As part of a repressive campaign against the movement for Palestine in France activists have gotten summons from “anti-terrorist” police. The movement for Palestine in the United States must oppose all repression of our movement here and in Europe.

Samuel Karlin

April 9, 2024

Berlin’s Mayor Loves Antisemites

Kai Wegner denounces the “antisemitism” of left-wing Jews — while he embraces the most high-profile antisemitic conspiracy theorist in the world.

Nathaniel Flakin

March 22, 2024

MOST RECENT

Liberal Towns in New Jersey Are Increasing Attacks on Pro-Palestine Activists

A group of neighbors in South Orange and Maplewood have become a reference point for pro-Palestine organizing in New Jersey suburbs. Now these liberal towns are upping repression against the local activists.

Samuel Karlin

April 12, 2024

“We Shouldn’t Let this Stop Us”: Suspended Columbia Student Activist Speaks Out

Aidan Parisi, a student at Columbia University’s School of Social Work, was recently suspended and has been threatened with eviction from their graduate student housing for pro-Palestinian activism on campus. Aidan talked to Left Voice about the state of repression, the movement at Columbia, and the path forward for uniting the student movement with the labor movement and other movements against oppression.

Left Voice

April 11, 2024

The Movement for Palestine Needs Independent, Working-Class Politics

As the brutal genocide of Palestinians continues with the help of the Biden administration, there is maneuver underway to co-opt the movement for Palestine. We need to have a democratic and independent movement that relies on the power of the working class, the student movement, and mobilizations in the streets.

Tatiana Cozzarelli

April 7, 2024
A hand holds a phone which displays the TikTok Logo

We Don’t Want TikTok Under Control of U.S. Capitalists — Put It Under the Control of its Workers and Users

The U.S. government wants to force the sale of the incredibly popular Chinese social media app. A TikTok owned by U.S. capitalists will only make things worse. We want TikTok under workers' control!

Nathaniel Flakin

April 6, 2024