Facebook Instagram Twitter YouTube

Military Coup in Burkina Faso Is a Preemptive Strike Against Continuing Social Unrest

After a night of army mutiny in the west African country of Burkina Faso, soldiers on Monday, January 24, arrested the president and several government ministers in a coup d’état.

Facebook Twitter Share
Radio Television du Burkina (RTB)/Handout via AFP

Barraged by uncontrolled attacks from Islamist groups and the colonialist intervention of the French military, Burkina Faso has seen months of protests against the government’s inability to stop the Islamists. Protesters also want the French troops gone.

These protests already led the president to fire Prime Minister Christophe Joseph-Marie Dabiré last December 8.

On Sunday, with popular discontent continuing to brew amid a difficult social and economic situation, a group from Burkina Faso’s armed forces decided to stage a coup d’état to remove President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, which they justified by saying that any new popular mobilization would get out of control. Detachments of mutinous soldiers rebelled at several bases across the country that day, and on Monday soldiers arrested the president, detaining him in a barracks in Ouagadougou, the capital.

Agence-France Presse (AFP) quoted a security source as saying, “President Kaboré, the head of parliament [Alassane Bala Sakandé] and the ministers are effectively in the hands of soldiers” at the Sangoulé Lamizana regiment in Ouagadougou.

On Monday morning, AFP tweeted that armed, hooded soldiers had taken up guard positions at the gate to the headquarters of Radio Television Burkina, which broadcasts entertainment programs.

The mutiny began Sunday at several bases of Burkina Faso’s armed forces. The soldiers demanded the resignation of the top officers and “adequate means” to fight the jihadists, who have been active in the country since 2015.

The government immediately responded by insisting that the rebellion was not a coup. “Information on social media would have people believe that there was an army takeover,” said Alkassoum Maïga, a government spokesman, in a statement on Sunday. “The government, while recognizing the validity of shootings in some barracks, denies this information and calls on the population to remain calm.”

Later, authorities declared a curfew “until further notice” and closed schools for two days.

On Sunday, protesters supported the mutineers by erecting barricades in several of the capital city’s main streets, but they were dispersed by police.

Backdrop to the Coup

The situation in Burkina Faso has deteriorated drastically since 2015, with the rise of jihadist movements affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State group across the Sahel. Jihadist attacks have killed more than 2,000 people and forced 1.5 million people to flee their homes in the northern part of the country.

The French intervention in 2013, as part of Operation Barkhane, has made these attacks worse. Using the excuse of ensuring security in its former colonies, French troops have remained in Mali and Niger, as well as Burkina Faso. Meanwhile, Islamist organizations have only grown and expanded their influence in the region. Simply put, since the beginning of the French operation, the military and security situation has deteriorated.

The situation is exacerbated by an economic and social crisis in the country, which is one of the world’s poorest and lacks natural resources and industry. Agriculture accounts for one-third of GDP and employs 80 percent of the population. Nearly 40 percent of the population has an income below the official poverty line of $2 per day.

The failure of the “war on terrorism,” which has been used to justify the military intervention in Africa, has been compounded by the multiple atrocities inflicted on Burkina Faso’s population by both the French army and its allies in the local armed forces. That is the breeding ground that has given rise to the demonstrations that surface and resurface again and again. Monday’s coup — a preemptive assault on further demonstrations — is a new chapter, in which elements of the military are trying to divert the masses’ anger at the government and at the French intervention.

First published in Spanish on January 24 in La Izquierda Diario.

Translation by Scott Cooper

Facebook Twitter Share

La Izquierda Diario Argentina

Our Argentinian sister site, part of the international network of La Izquierda Diario

Middle East-Africa

U.S. Imperialism is Pushing Tensions in the Middle East to a Boiling Point

U.S. Imperialism's support for Israel is driving the tensions behind Iran's attack and the escalations in the Middle East. It is all the more urgent for the working class to unite with the movement for Palestine against imperialism and chart a way out of the crisis in the region.

Samuel Karlin

April 15, 2024
Destruction in Gaza following Israeli invasion.

From Cease-Fire to Liberation

With over 30,000 dead and much of Gaza turned into rubble, a ceasefire is insufficient, even more so if it does not include an immediate and permanent withdrawal of all Israeli troops and an end to the siege on Gaza.

James Dennis Hoff

March 6, 2024

The United States Is Trapped in the Middle East

As a result of Israel’s offensive on Gaza, the United States is again becoming deeply entrenched in the Middle East. This is a humiliating blow to President Biden, who promised to reassert U.S. imperialism by moving away from direct involvement in the region.

Samuel Karlin

February 22, 2024

With Rafah in the Crosshairs, the Working Class Can Stop the Genocide in Gaza

As Israel prepares an invasion of Rafah, workers’ organizations around the world must take action before it's too late.

James Dennis Hoff

February 21, 2024

MOST RECENT

SEIU Local 500 marching for Palestine in Washington DC. (Photo: Purple Up for Palestine)

Dispatches from Labor Notes: Labor Activists are Uniting for Palestine. Democrats Want to Divide Them

On the first day of the Labor Notes conference, conference attendees held a pro-Palestine rally that was repressed by the local police. As attendees were arrested outside, Chicago Mayor — and Top Chicago Cop — Brandon Johnson spoke inside.

Left Voice

April 20, 2024
A tent encampment at Columbia University decorated with two signs that say "Liberated Zone" and "Gaza Solidarity Encampment"

Dispatches from Labor Notes 2024: Solidarity with Columbia Students Against Repression

The Labor Notes Conference this year takes place right after over 100 students were arrested at Columbia for protesting for Palestine. We must use this conference to build a strong campaign against the repression which will impact us all if it is allowed to stand.

Olivia Wood

April 20, 2024

Occupy Against the Occupation: Protest Camp in Front of Germany’s Parliament

Since Monday, April 8, pro-Palestinian activists have been braving Germany's bleak climate — both meteorological and political — to protest the Israeli genocide in Gaza, and the unconditional German support for it. 

Alina Tatarova

April 20, 2024

Left Voice Magazine for April 2024 — Labor Notes Edition!

In this issue, we delve into the state and future of the labor movement today. We take a look at the prospects for Palestinian liberation through the lens of Leon Trotsky’s theory of Permanent Revolution, and discuss the way that Amazon has created new conditions of exploitation and how workers across the world are fighting back.

Left Voice

April 20, 2024