Facebook Instagram Twitter YouTube

Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Fall Highlights British Imperialism’s Political Crisis

UK prime minister Boris Johnson has stepped down after mounting crises and many prominent Conservative resignations. His fall reveals the deep political crises facing British imperialism.

Claudia Cinatti

July 8, 2022
Facebook Twitter Share
The back of UK prime minister Boris Johnson outside 10 Downing Street

It took Boris Johnson 36 hours of frenzied crisis to admit that his time as prime minister was up. Before stepping down, he had his “Trump moment”: he threatened to dissolve Parliament and call early elections, dragging the Conservative Party down with him, which was certain to be defeated. He even used the populist argument that the source of his legitimacy was in the popular vote, based on the 2019 election, in which an electorate electrified by Brexit gave the Conservative Party its most resounding parliamentary majority in the last 30 years.

But Johnson’s rhetorical maneuver did not stand the test of the British parliamentary system, in which it is the parties, not the citizens, who elect the prime minister.

Finally, on July 7, he announced his resignation, even though his fate was already sealed. Two days earlier, two of his main ministers had resigned — Chancellor of the Exchequer (finance minister) Rishi Sunak and Secretary of State for Health and Social Care Sajid Javid. From that moment on, the “great resignation” of his cabinet was unstoppable: 53 people left the Conservative government in one day.

Johnson was ousted from 10 Downing Street by a Conservative revolt. The immediate cause was Johnson’s cover-up of the scandal involving Chris Pincher, a Tory MP who sexually assaulted two other men. The relevance of the Pincher case is that sexual abuse is frequent in political circles — especially but not exclusively among conservative ones — as well as among the royalty and the ruling class, an expression of the double standards and secular impunity provided by aristocratic privileges.

The Pincher incident was the straw that broke the camel’s back. For months, Johnson and several members of his cabinet had been jumping from scandal to scandal over “Partygate,” the revelations that parties took place at the prime minister’s official residence and other government buildings in violation of Covid-19 restrictions.

The end of the Johnson cycle is one more chapter of the organic crisis opened six years ago with the triumph of Brexit, which exposed the deep polarization — political, economic, social, geographic, and cultural — that had developed during the decades of neoliberalism.

As was already evident at other points in the Conservatives’ 12 years in power, the Tory party is divided. On the one hand, it has a “libertarian” soul that seeks to recover the Thatcherite ethos of a small state and lower taxes. On the other hand, the party is linked to the sectors ruined by globalization, which demagogue protectionism. Both sectors are fanatics of Brexit — the “fantasy” that acts as the organizing principle of the Tories, according to the Economist. Both, in turn, flirt with the xenophobic and anti-immigrant policies of the extreme Right, such as those promoted by former UKIP leader Nigel Farage.

Johnson tried to reconcile this structural contradiction, oscillating between the two fractions: he promised to cut taxes while increasing public spending, and to promote the free market while imposing protectionist measures. He also took a tough stance by expelling refugees to Rwanda and trying to capitalize on the war in Ukraine. But this was not enough and was doomed to fail.

A period of uncertainty is now opening up. Johnson has resigned, but he has not yet left. He intends to remain in office until the party — the 150,000 Conservatives who are eligible to vote — elects his replacement. But if this becomes untenable, which is likely, he may be replaced by some party figurehead who has a consensus to take over in the interim.

There is already a line of Thatcherites and Brexiters lined up for succession with no clear front-runner. The election process could therefore last until the beginning of fall, ushering in several long months in which the ruling class will have to pretend to have an acting government even though the full Johnson cabinet has resigned.

The timing of the crisis could not be worse for the Conservative Party and the ruling class. According to the OECD, the UK will have the worst economic growth in the G20 besides Russia in 2023, thanks to the combined effects of Brexit, the pandemic, and the war in Ukraine. Inflation is expected to reach 11 percent, the highest rate among the G7 countries, and many economists are already talking about “stagflation.” So far this year, the pound has lost 11 percent of its value against the dollar.

Meanwhile, Brexit continues to strain state unity. The crisis with the European Union has been reactivated by the implementation of the protocol agreed with Northern Ireland, which, although part of the United Kingdom, effectively remains in the EU’s single market for goods, since the Republic of Ireland still belongs to the EU. This could call into question the Good Friday Agreement and reopen the Irish conflict. And Scotland — also pro-European — has already announced its intention to hold a new referendum to become independent from the United Kingdom.

The great novelty against this backdrop is the class struggle. Inflation and the cost-of-living crisis have left Brits fed up, opening up struggles in both the organized labor movement and among precarious workers such as we have not seen for decades. These include wildcat strikes in the oil sector of the North Sea, strikes that have no union representation, and the recent strikes of the RMT union’s railroad and subway workers. Communications, legal, healthcare, teachers, and airport workers are also threatening or poised to strike. Many are calling this show of the working class’s collective power the “Summer of Discontent,” drawing a parallel with the 1978–79 “Winter of Discontent,” a milestone of the great wave of class struggle that Margaret Thatcher ended up defeating.

The driving forces behind this resurgence of the labor movement are 40 years of neoliberalism, privatizations, and anti-worker and anti-union offensives.

At this critical juncture, one of the main pillars of stability for the ruling class and British imperialism is the Labour Party, which under the leadership of Sir Keir Starmer restored the leadership of the neoliberal Blairite wing and made a profound turn to the right. Starmer purged the left wing of Labour, which had grown strong during the years of Jeremy Corbyn’s leadership, and also marginalized Momentum, the party’s grassroots organization, which is now in deep crisis. The Labour Party accused Corbyn of “anti-Semitism” for his support for the Palestinian struggle, and it forced Labour MPs to withdraw from the Stop the War coalition for criticizing NATO’s role in the war in Ukraine. It also sanctioned MPs who participated in pickets and mobilizations in solidarity with striking workers, and it expelled some Trotskyist groups that still remained within Labour.

The ruling class is in crisis, and we cannot allow it to establish a truce or organize an offensive against workers and unions — the exploited must take advantage of it.

Originally published in Spanish on July 7 in La Izquierda Diario.

Translation by Otto Fors

Facebook Twitter Share

Claudia Cinatti

Claudia is an editor of our sister site La Izquierda Diario and a leading member of the Party of Socialist Workers (PTS) in Argentina.

Europe

Rishi Sunak: Banker to the Rescue of a Declining Empire

The United Kingdom has appointed its third prime minister in just two months, and the Conservative Party establishment seems to have regained control.

Claudia Cinatti

October 26, 2022
UK workers protest in favor of rail strikes, holding placards.

Crisis in the UK Regime: From a Summer to a Winter of Discontent?

Facing deep political and economic turmoil, Prime Minister Liz Truss has resigned after just 45 days in office. This new crisis comes as workers across the UK are preparing for a new wave of strikes against the rising cost of living.

Sou Mi

October 23, 2022

France: Oil Workers’ Strike Turns the Country Upside Down, Opens a Breach for the Workers’ Movement

As a monthlong strike in French oil refineries shakes the country, a political crisis is on its way to unleashing a major social crisis, one in which new sectors could join the oil workers and unleash open-ended strikes for wage increases.

Arthur Nicola

October 21, 2022

The “Logic of Escalation” and the War in Ukraine’s Multiple Fronts

After months of relative stagnation, recent events in the war in Ukraine have changed the dynamics and quickened the conflict’s pace — but not enough to end it. The Ukraine/NATO side is in no position to concede, but neither is Russia, which is far from having been defeated and places its hopes in the deepening fissures between the Western front backing Ukraine.

Claudia Cinatti

October 20, 2022

MOST RECENT

As Grade Deadlines Approach, Academic Workers Must Hold the Line and Expand Strikes

The end of the semester is a critical time for academic workers on strike. Part time faculty at The New School and student workers and postdocs at the University of California are fighting hard to hold the line against increasing attacks from their employers. At The New School, the rumor is they might be close to winning.

Olivia Wood

December 8, 2022

The First Overdose Prevention Centers in US History Vote to Unionize

Workers at the nation’s first overdose prevention centers submitted their demand for voluntary union recognition. The workers are demanding better benefits and healthcare, along with greater control over workplace decisions. The harm reduction sector is joining the labor movement.

Left Voice

December 8, 2022

The Roots of the Rebellion at Foxconn

Jenny Chan is a researcher and professor at the Polytechnic University of Hong Kong. She is co-author of the book Dying for an iPhone. She spoke with La Izquerda Diario about the causes of the rebellion by workers at the Foxconn plant in Zhengzhou, China.

Josefina L. Martínez

December 7, 2022
South African president Cyril Ramaphosa in a suit

“Farmgate” Threatens the Very Foundations of Capitalist Stability in South Africa

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa faces an impeachment vote Tuesday. More than a simple case of corruption, it’s a political crisis of the ruling party and of capitalist stability in the country.

Sam Carliner

December 5, 2022