Fascism or Bonapartism? Lessons from Trotsky for Understanding Brazil Under Bolsonaro
Is genuine fascism rising in Brazil? How should the working class respond if so? Marxism helps us to characterize the Bolsonaro government and spells out the method for confronting the extreme Right.
André BarbieriOctober 29, 2022
Was There a Socialist Revolution in Venezuela? Using Trotsky’s Ideas to Understand Chávez’s Legacy
20 years after Hugo Chávez won a presidential election under the country's new constitution, Venezuela lies in ruins. Does this represent the failure of "socialism," as Trump likes to claim? A Marxist conception developed by Leon Trotsky can help us understand the contradictions of Chavismo.
Nathaniel FlakinAugust 8, 2020
Trump’s First 100 Days and What Is to Come
The shocking election of Trump and the chaotic first months of his presidency have left many searching for an explanation of this unprecedented historical phenomenon. Is Trump a fascist? Is his win the result of some vast Russian conspiracy? How has the far right grown so quickly, from Britain to France to the U.S.? In this article, we will attempt to outline the forces that Trump represents and the possible trajectories of his presidency in the coming months and years.
Robert BelanoApril 19, 2017
Turkey’s Fragile Bonapartism
Turkey may hold a referendum on the transition to an authoritarian presidential system as soon as late March; however, Erdoğan’s Bonapartist shift does not herald stability for the ruling class, nor a solution to the crisis of neoliberalism.
Barış YıldırımJanuary 6, 2017
Failed Coup: A Springboard to Bonapartism
On July 15, the world watched as an attempted military coup against President Tayyip Erdoğan and the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) took place in Turkey. The putschists’ eventual surrender does not in any way signify an end to the permanent crisis of Erdoğan regime.
Baran SerhadAugust 9, 2016