German Social Democratic Party (SPD)

Is This the End for the German SPD?

The laughably garish party congress of the once mighty Social Democratic Party is a perfect metaphor for its continued decline.

Rosa Luxemburg at 150: No “Harmless Icon”

Rosa Luxemburg was born on March 5, 1871. She is often presented as a pacifist, a democrat, and an opponent of the Russian Revolution. None of this is true. She was a revolutionary communist.

A Poem To Leftists Who Object to Violence

As uprisings sweep the United States, there is a small minority of socialists who object to “violence,” “looting,” etc. We have published a number of articles about this — but really, this poem sums it up better than any article. It is about a revolutionary who wants to avoid damaging street lights at all costs.

Kautsky, Luxemburg, and Lenin in Light of the German Revolution

What can socialists today learn from Karl Kautsky? To answer this question, we need to see how his theories held up during the German Revolution of 1918. This presentation, part of an ongoing debate with Eric Blanc, Charlie Post, Mike Taber, and other socialists, was given at the Socialism in Our Time conference on April 14 in New York City.

The Politics of Red Rosa

On January 15, 1919, a group of Freikorps (German paramilitaries) murdered Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. What they could not kill was the powerful ideas of the “red rose” of the world proletariat, Rosa Luxemburg.

Communism Made in Germany

100 years ago, Germany was an epicenter of communism. The Communist Party of Germany (KPD) had up to 300,000 members. A new anthology presents the latest historical research on this period in English.

100 Years Ago in Berlin: The Bitter Lesson of a Defeat

The Social Democrats and the military prepared to crush the revolution. A big majority of the working class desired socialism – but they had no major party of their own to lead the struggles. What lessons can be draw from this bloody defeat?

100 Years Ago in Berlin: Revolution and Counterrevolution in Germany

In the first days of the German Revolution, workers’ and soldiers’ councils formed across Germany. The Social Democrats allied with the military to save as much of the old order as they could. The Communists tried to organize the forces of the revolution. This fight came to a head at a national congress of the councils.