Facebook Instagram Twitter YouTube

#AllThatsLeftPod: Javier Milei, Argentina’s New, Far-Right President

In this episode of the podcast, we discuss Javier Milei’s rise to power and what it means for the Argentinian and international Left.

Left Voice

December 11, 2023
Facebook Twitter Share
All That's Left, the podcast from Left Voice.

Listen on Spotify | Apple Podcasts | Online


On Sunday, December 10, far-right libertarian economist Javier Milei was inaugurated as president of Argentina. He had won a run-off election against Peronist candidate Sergio Massa on November 19. During the election, Milei positioned himself as the anti-establishment candidate while advancing a radical neoliberal program, including a shock therapy for the economy and austerity for workers. He is in favor of drastically cutting the state and eliminating several ministries, like the Ministry of Women, Equality, and Diversity as well as the Ministry of the Environment. He even proposed eliminating the central bank of Argentina, and dollarizing the Argentinian economy. In addition to being a climate change denialist, he had advocated the rollback of, for example, abortion and LGBTQ+ rights.

Milei made headlines for these and other radical proposals and rhetoric, but he didn’t come out of nowhere — we need to understand his election as an expression of widespread popular discontent with the political establishment and with the two parties that have ruled Argentina for the past two decades, overseeing protracted economic and political crises. This establishment includes the outgoing government of Alberto Fernández and Cristina Kirchner de Fernández.

Inflation in Argentina is above 140 percent, among the highest rates in the world. Four in Ten Argentinians live in poverty, which is a four-fold increase since 2018. Meanwhile, booming industries like lithium extraction and agribusiness are generating multimillion-dollar profits, which are flowing to corporations and foreign multinationals. Rather than increase social spending, the successive governments have attacked workers, forcing them to bear the burden of these crises. And next year, around $20 billion will go toward servicing the country’s debt with the International Monetary Fund.

During the election, despite some rhetorical differences from Milei, none of the establishment candidates, including Massa, offered an alternative. Instead, all effectively promised more austerity, more extraction of natural resources, and more attacks on workers. They would continue to keep the country’s labor force and resources open to — and subservient to — imperialist exploitation. All these candidates ultimately had to offer during this election, in the face of Milei’s reactionary candidacy, was lesser evilism. This might sound familiar, and we will certainly be drawing some instructive parallels during this episode. 

The party that did offer an alternative was the PTS, or the Party of Socialist Workers, and the Workers Front – Unity coalition they were part of, it was headed by Myriam Bregman and Nicolas del Cano. They put forward a complete break with the IMF and financial imperialism, they advocated funding social services like healthcare, education, and housing programs, and the nationalization of natural resources. In the November election, the coalition received 800,000 votes five members will join the national congress. There, these politicians will continue to fight for the working class, against capitalism and imperialism.

On this episode, we interview Left Voice member Juan Ferre. Juan is a medical doctor and sociologist, and a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Program in Latin American Studies at Princeton University. Before moving to the United States, he was a member of the PTS and worked as a physician at a public hospital in Argentina.

In addition to explaining the factors that led to the Milei’s rise and victory, Juan describes the parallels that this moment has with the 1990s in Argentina under Carlos Menem. Most importantly, we discuss the importance of organizing an independent, working-class resistance to Milei, and linking this to a revolutionary struggle against capitalism and imperialism. We also talk about the lessons we can learn internationally, including here in the US. 

Listen to the episode on Spotify on Apple Podcasts.

Support this podcast on Patreon.

Facebook Twitter Share

Left Voice

Militant journalism, revolutionary politics.

Ideas & Debates

IMT leader Alan Woods giving a speech.

Are You a Communist? Then Let’s Talk about the IMT

The International Marxist Tendency, led by Alan Woods, is rebranding itself as “the Communists.” Does this represent a shift to the left? Sort of. Yet decades of opportunist positions do not disappear overnight.

Nathaniel Flakin

February 12, 2024

Six Ideas to Advance the Movement for Palestine

Nearly four months into Israel’s genocide in Gaza, what will it take for the movement to continue forward and impose its demands?

Luigi Morris

January 28, 2024
A mass of people crowd in front of a large building. Half the crowd is waving Palestinian flags and the other half is waving Israeli flags.

The Farce of the “Two-State Solution” and the Socialist Perspective for Palestine

For decades, imperialist governments have been calling for a “two-state solution.” This is an obvious failure. But what would a socialist alternative look like? A debate with different socialist tendencies.

Nathaniel Flakin

December 16, 2023
Congresswoman Elise Stefanik at a congressional hearing on antisemitism.

No, Intifada Does Not Mean Genocide Against Jews

Does "Intifada" mean genocide against Jews? Obviously not. A history lesson for racist cynics.

Nathaniel Flakin

December 14, 2023


The Organic Crisis in 2024: This Year’s Election Is a Battle for the Hearts and Minds of U.S. Workers

The battle between Trump and Biden is being shaped by a crisis of the political regime, requiring the intervention of both the judiciary and the union bureaucracy. The battle for the presidency is a battle for the working class and a battle over which approach to imperialism is best for competing with China and reestablishing US hegemony. As usual, the Democrats are taking up the cudgel of democratic rights in order to rally disaffected voters.

Sybil Davis

February 23, 2024

The Tide Is Turning: New Yorkers Are Speaking Out for Palestinian Liberation

The Jewish community of New York City has long been loyal to Zionism. But attitudes are shifting rapidly, and many are taking to the streets for Palestinian liberation 

Ana Orozco

February 23, 2024

The United States Is Trapped in the Middle East

As a result of Israel’s offensive on Gaza, the United States is again becoming deeply entrenched in the Middle East. This is a humiliating blow to President Biden, who promised to reassert U.S. imperialism by moving away from direct involvement in the region.

Samuel Karlin

February 22, 2024

With Rafah in the Crosshairs, the Working Class Can Stop the Genocide in Gaza

As Israel prepares an invasion of Rafah, workers’ organizations around the world must take action before it's too late.

James Dennis Hoff

February 21, 2024