Facebook Instagram Twitter YouTube

Union Leadership Accepts Paltry Wage Deal Just as South African Metalworkers’ Strike Begins to Hurt the Capitalists

On Thursday, the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) called off a major strike of at least 155,000 workers just as it was starting to gain momentum and was about to strike a major blow against the capitalists’ assault on the workers.

Emma Lee

October 23, 2021
Facebook Twitter Share
Photo: Rajesh Jantilal / New Frame

On Thursday, the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) called off a major strike of 155,000 workers. Workers are anticipated to return to work Monday after NUMSA accepted a three-year wage offer from the Steel and Engineering Industries Federation of Southern Africa (SEIFSA), an employer association representing bosses in the metals and engineering industries.

Since October 5, metal workers have been on strike demanding higher pay, in an action that has blocked the supply chain of parts for cars and accessories manufactured in South Africa. Throughout the course of the strike, workers were shot at by police and private security guards. Earlier in the month, a smaller union, 16,000 members of the Metal and Electrical Workers Union of South Africa (MEWUSA) in the sector had also joined picket lines. Collectively, the strike has cost NUMSA members some 300 million rand ($20.5 million) in lost wages. 

Compelled by union leadership to accept a paltry deal, the striking workers with the most to lose are now expected to return to work on Monday, while union and corporate leadership can celebrate “a strong partnership … between business and labour,” as SEIFSA CEO Lucio Trentini said in a press release

Agreed to by NUMSA General Secretary Irvin Jim, the new contract includes wage increases of 6 percent on scheduled pay rates for all three years. Workers in higher grades will receive an increase of between 5 percent and 5.5 percent on their scheduled pay rates.

The union previously rejected an even lower wage offer, but the current deal is still significantly below the original demand for an 8-percent wage increase across the board in the first year of the contract, and an increase equal to the rate of inflation plus 2 percent in the subsequent two years. South Africa’s annual inflation is currently around 5 percent.

Though the workers’ original demands included a sliding scale of wages based on inflation, the deal reached by NUMSA includes only fixed rates. If the trend of South Africa’s inflation rates continues upward, workers will surely see their real wages fall.

No wonder the bosses, through SEIFSA, are calling it a “landmark agreement” and are celebrating the workers’ return without having to concede wage increases that would be subject to the fluctuations of the economy.

A press conference with the NUMSA general secretary on Thursday was filled with revolutionary rhetoric, disguising the union bureaucracy’s cynicism and betrayal of the strikers. Despite having already rejected the same offer just days before, Jim announced, “We decided to accept the current 6 percent on minimum despite our clear demand that it must be given on actual rates. We have taken a conscious decision that as a union we will compromise and accept the current offer from SEIFSA.”

While Jim railed against the exploitation by the bosses, it’s clear the interests of the union leadership and the capitalists are closely aligned. South Africa’s president Cyril Ramaphosa, a billionaire businessman, was formerly the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM).

The strike caused major problems for the auto manufacturing sector in South Africa, which has been slow to recover from the economic impacts of the ongoing Covid crisis. According to the CEO of SEIFSA, Lucio Trentini, affected companies lost 600 million rand ($41 million) due to the strike. BMW’s main vehicle assembly plant in South Africa lost the production of around 700 vehicles.

The auto industry accounts for 5 percent of South Africa’s GDP, and overall the steel and metal industries account for 8 percent.

Just as the strike was starting to have a real impact on capitalist profits, the union leadership capitulated and agreed to less than what the metal workers had demanded. Now, the capitalists are able to avert a potential crisis that would have put real pressure to accept the workers’ demands.  

As global economies recover from pandemic-related losses, the capitalists continue to rake in profit off the backs of workers, who have kept production going throughout the crisis. Workers across the globe are once again recognizing their strategic position in the capitalist chain of production, and demanding higher wages and better working conditions. These strikes in South Africa are connected to a global wave of class struggle that is beginning to rise. In the United States, strikes in a multitude of industries have been reigniting the labor struggle and showing the potential of the working class; just a few days ago, half a million workers in South Korea took part in a one-day general strike. Workers are demanding an end to backbreaking working conditions, scant protections, interminable hours, and poverty-scale pay.

Workers cannot rely on the union bureaucracy to fight to the end for their demands, as the capitulation by the NUMSA leadership illustrates. But that does not mean workers should lose hope, or that there is no other path forward. The rank and file has shown its drive to continue the fight without capitulating. What unions need — from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where Kellogg workers are striking, to Johannesburg — is rank-and-file leadership and genuine union and workplace democracy.

Facebook Twitter Share

Emma Lee

Emma is a special education teacher in New York City.

Labor Movement

CUNY workers at a demonstration hold a banner that reads "STRIKE TO SAVE CUNY."

CUNY Workers Launch New Strike Campaign

As Governor Hochul proposes another $528 million in cuts, workers at the City University of New York are fighting back.

Olivia Wood

February 12, 2024
With the U.S Capitol in the background, demonstrators rally during the March on Washington for Gaza at Freedom Plaza in Washington, Saturday, Jan. 13, 2024.

AFL-CIO’s Ceasefire Call Shows Power of the Movement for Palestine

The AFL-CIO has called for a ceasefire in Israel’s genocidal assault on Gaza. The labor movement must go further for Palestinian liberation and break with the bipartisan regime.

Otto Fors

February 11, 2024

After Historic Strike, UAW Bureaucrats Sit By as Stellantis Lays Off Hundreds of Workers

Only a few months after a historic contract struggle and strike, Stellantis announced job cuts in early December that have begun and will continue to take effect this month. A reminder that under capitalism the only way for workers to get what they need is self-organization, independent of the union bureaucracy, Democrats and Republicans.

Emma Boyhtari

February 2, 2024
Joe Biden and Shawn Fain, UAW president, standing on a stage together. UAW has endorsed Biden for president.

The UAW’s Endorsement of “Genocide Joe” Is a Betrayal of Palestinians and Workers

The UAW has endorsed “Genocide Joe” for president, betraying Palestinians and workers. It’s time for labor to break with the Democrats.

Otto Fors

January 29, 2024


All That's Left, the podcast from Left Voice.

#AllThatsLeftPod: Two Years of War in Ukraine

On this episode of the podcast, we discuss the war in Ukraine after two years, and the continued need for an independent, working-class solution.

Left Voice

February 24, 2024

The Organic Crisis in 2024: This Year’s Election Is a Battle for the Hearts and Minds of U.S. Workers

The battle between Trump and Biden is being shaped by a crisis of the political regime, requiring the intervention of both the judiciary and the union bureaucracy. The battle for the presidency is a battle for the working class and a battle over which approach to imperialism is best for competing with China and reestablishing US hegemony. As usual, the Democrats are taking up the cudgel of democratic rights in order to rally disaffected voters.

Sybil Davis

February 23, 2024

The Tide Is Turning: New Yorkers Are Speaking Out for Palestinian Liberation

Zionists have long wielded their influence and power in New York City, but the anti-zionist movement is finally taking an unapologetic stand against them.

Ana Orozco

February 23, 2024

The United States Is Trapped in the Middle East

As a result of Israel’s offensive on Gaza, the United States is again becoming deeply entrenched in the Middle East. This is a humiliating blow to President Biden, who promised to reassert U.S. imperialism by moving away from direct involvement in the region.

Samuel Karlin

February 22, 2024