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Leon Trotsky

Lev Davidovich Bronstein (1879-1940) was a leader of the October Revolution in 1917 and the founder of the Fourth International in 1938.

Leon Trotsky: Remarks on the Draft Theses of The Workers Party of South Africa

On April 20, 1935, Leon Trotsky sent this letter to South African communists, in response to theses they had sent him. He discusses this agrarian question, the slogan of a Black Republic, and the need to fight relentlessly against the chauvinism of white workers. This is part of our collection on Marxism and Black Struggle.

Letters from Leon Trotsky on South Africa

In 1932, Leon Trotsky responded to a letter from two dozen Black communists from South Africa. He also wrote to the leadership of the International Left Opposition on the importance of winning over the most oppressed sectors of the working class. This is part of our collection on Marxism and Black Struggle.

C.L.R. James and Leon Trotsky: Plans for the Negro Organization

On April 11, 1939, C.L.R. James had his final discussion with Leon Trotsky in Coyoacán, in Mexico. They discussed concrete plans for founding a revolutionary organization for Black workers in the United States. This is part of our collection on Marxism and Black Struggle.

C.L.R. James and Leon Trotsky: A Negro Organization

On April 5, 1939, C.L.R. James continued his discussions with Leon Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico. They discussed the conditions for the Socialist Workers Party launching a revolutionary organization for Black workers in the United States. This is part of our collection on Marxism and Black Struggle.

C.L.R. James and Leon Trotsky: Self-Determination for the American Negroes 

On April 4, 1939, C.L.R. James held the first of three discussions with Leon Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico. The central question: Should revolutionaries call for self-determination of Black people in the United States? This is part of our collection on Marxism and Black Struggle.

Arne Swabeck and Leon Trotsky: The Negro Question in America

On February 28, 1933, Arne Swabeck of the Communist League of America met with Leon Trotsky and his secretary Pierre Frank on the island of Prinkipo in Turkey. They debated many questions, including racism in the U.S. and the right of self-determination. This is part of our collection on Marxism and Black Struggle.

Leon Trotsky: If America Should Go Communist

What would the United States look like after a socialist revolution? In 1934, Leon Trotsky imagined America under the rule of workers' councils. Socialism, he said, "will be the means of greater individual liberty and shared abundance."

Testament of Leon Trotsky

On August 20, 1940, an assassin sent by Stalin murdered Leon Trotsky. Yet the ideas of the Russian revolutionary remain relevant 77 years after his death. Left Voice republishes the testament of the founder of the Red Army as a tribute.

Manifesto for an Independent Revolutionary Art

In 1938, André Breton and Leon Trotsky worked together on this manifesto. The final version was signed by André Breton and Diego Rivera.